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Common Causes, Types, Symptoms and Treatment of Ovarian Cyst

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Ovarian cyst is a well known disease today's woman. You should be aware of this, because if the majority of cysts are harmless, some can threaten your health and can cause death. Ovarian cysts are small vesicles similar to blisters that develop in the ovaries of a woman full of liquid. Women are more likely to have the disease during their reproductive years. Cysts form in the two almond sized organs on each side of the womb called ovaries. It can be classified as a carcinogen andcancer. Noncancerous cysts are harmless and disappear without treatment. But severe cases can cause pain, bleeding and even death.

At ultrasound, the bubbles appear fluid filled cysts surrounded by a thin wall. This type of cyst is called a functional cyst, or a simple cyst. Formation of ovarian cysts is caused by fluids that remain in it when a follicle fails to rupture and release the egg. And 'normal to see small cysts in the normal ovary while follicles areformat.

Most cysts are considered benign form, are not harmful and anything to do with the disease. Can disappear and heal on their own within a week without suffering any kind of treatment.

Causes of ovarian cysts

Ovarian function to produce an egg each month. The egg production process is called ovulation. During this process, a type called follicular cyst forms within the ovary. The mature follicle ruptures when an egg isreleased during ovulation. The empty follicle forms the corpus luteum. If the woman is not pregnant, the corpus luteum will dissolve. While the woman's body during this process is the most common type of cyst called a functional cyst is formed.

Other types of cysts such as dermoid ovarian cysts, cystadenoma cysts, endometrioma cyst and polycystic ovary syndrome are considered abnormal. They often occur as a result of an imbalance of female hormones (estrogenand progesterone).

Types of Ovarian Cysts

The cysts are classified as benign or non cancerous and cancerous:

Functional Cysts - these are just normal cysts that are formed during the ovulation period. These can affect women in their early age but it will eventually disappear within two to three menstrual cycles.

Dermoid Cysts - these are the type of ovarian cysts that are filled with various types of tissues including hair or skin.

Endometrioma Cysts - these are also refer to as the chocolate cysts of endometriosis which are formed when a tissue similar to the lining of the uterus attaches to the ovaries.

Cystadenoma Cysts - such cysts are developed from the cells on the outer surface of the ovary.

Polycystic ovarian disease - these are cysts that are formed from the buildup of follicle cysts which causes the ovaries to thicken. These may cause the enlargement of ovaries creating a thick outer covering that prevents the process of ovulation and some fertility problems.

Common Ovarian Cysts Symptoms

Often times, ovarian cysts have no symptoms. If there are any symptoms, it can cause a dull ache or a pressure in the abdomen. The pain experience during sexual intercourse is also a sign of ovarian cysts.

The pain or pressure is caused by some factors such as size, bleeding of bursting of a cysts which often cause irritation to the abdominal tissue, which can block the flow of the blood to the cyst.

Having delayed, irregular, and unusual painful periods is also a symptom of having ovarian cyst. In case you experience some of the symptoms, it is necessary to have a check up with your doctor.

Treatment of Ovarian Cysts

Although majority of the ovarian cysts are benign, treatment for cysts depends on the size, and symptoms. If the cyst is small, the wait approach is recommended with a regular check ups.

Pain caused by ovarian cysts can be treated with:

pain relievers

a warm bath applied in the lower part of the abdomen can relax tense muscles and relieve the cramping, reduces the discomfort and help the blood circulation which may heal the ovaries.

Drinking chromomite herbal tea can lessen the pain and also soothes the tense muscles.

Urinating as soon as you feel the urge

Preventing constipation from occurring

Having a healthy diet

Combining the hormonal contraception, taking contraceptive pill can be a big help

Cysts that occur in menopausal women may indicate more serious disease and needed to be examined through ultrasonography and laparoscopy. If your family has the history of having a ovarian cancer, you can undergo surgical biopsy after the testing of your blood.

In more serious cases, it is a must to undergo a surgery. Some surgery can be done successfully without hurting the ovaries, but in some cases removal of your one ovary is required.

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